The Philippine College of Surgeons is an organization of surgeons incorporated as a non-stock corporation under Philippines Laws with the principal office in Metro Manila, Philippines.
- Section 1 – Membership
The College shall be composed of Fellows, Honorary Fellows, and Resident Members. (As amended on December 5, 2010)
- Section 2 – Fellow
A Fellow is a surgeon certified by his respective Philippine specialty board and a member of his respective specialty society recognized by the College and shall have been in active practice of his specialty in the Philippines for at least one year after membership in the specialty society. (As amended on December 5, 2010)
- Section 3 – Honorary Fellow
An Honorary Fellow is a surgeon who has attained national and/or international recognition in the field of surgery, surgical education or surgical research; and has rendered exemplary humanitarian service; and has demonstrated concern for the welfare of the Philippines and/or the Filipino surgeons; and has been unanimously elected to the position by the Board of Regents. (As amended on December 5, 2010)
- Section 4 – Resident Member
A Resident Member is a trainee in a surgical residency training program accredited by the respective specialty board and/or specialty society recognized by the College. (As amended on December 5, 2010)
- Section 1 – Board of Regents
The management and control of the affairs of the College shall be vested in the Board of Regents composed of fifteen (15) members elected by the Fellows annually for a term of one year based on the qualifications established in the PCS Election Code.
- Section 2 – Board of Governors
The policy advisory body of the College shall be the Board of Governors composed of representatives of the Chapters and Surgical Specialty Societies or Associations recognized by the College. They shall be elected by their respective Chapters and Societies or Associations for a term of one year based on guidelines established by the Board of Regents and must be Fellows of the College.
- Section 3 – Officers
The Officers of the College are the President, Vice-President, Secretary and Treasurer who shall serve for a term of one year. All are elected by the Board of Regents from among themselves except the Secretary, who is appointed by the President. In addition to their traditional functions, special duties and responsibilities may be assigned to them by the Board of Regents.
The Board of Governors shall elect a Chairman, Vice-Chairman, and Secretary from among themselves to serve for a term of one year.
- Section 4 – Advisory Council
The Past President of the College shall constitute the Advisory Council to the Board of Regents. The advisory Council shall meet upon the request of the President or the majority of the members of the Board of Regents.
- Section 5 – Executive Staff
The Board of Regents shall employ an Executive Staff to manage the day to day activities of the College. The duties and responsibilities of the Staff shall be defined in the Administrative Manual of the College.
The Board of Regents shall employ as the need arises the services of an Executive Director, a Legal Counsel, a Comptroller who shall serve as the accounting and finance officer of the College, a Librarian who shall manage the PCS Library and Museum, and a Historian who shall document the significant College activities for posterity.
Fellowship Rights and Privileges
- Section 1 – Rights
Fellowship in the College and all rights arising therefrom are personal and non-transferable. These rights may be limited or denied by the Board of Regents based on standard corporate practice.
- Section 2 – Privileges
Privileges inherent to fellowship may be extended or suspended by the Board of Regents based on compliance with the duties and obligations of membership.
- Section 3 – Right to vote
Only Fellows have the right to vote and be voted upon. Unless otherwise limited, broadened, or denied by specific provisions of the PCS Election Code, each Fellow member is entitled to one vote. (As amended on December 5, 2010)
Maintenance of Fellowship
- Section 1 – Good Standing
Maintenance of professional competence and personal integrity, as well as the faithful compliance with the duties and obligations of membership, are requisites for maintenance of fellowship. The Board of Regents may from time to time promulgate additional requirements.
- Section 2 – Discipline
The Board of Regents may discipline a Fellow or any of its members by reprimand, suspension, or expulsion for unethical and unprofessional conduct. Grossly immoral, dishonorable, or criminal acts committed and proven under Philippine Laws, shall be grounds for termination of fellowship.
Disciplinary investigations by the Board of Regents shall be conducted only upon the recommendation of the Committee on Ethics and Judicial Matters. The Disciplinary Procedures of the College established in the Administrative Manual shall be strictly complied with.
Fellowship shall be terminated for failure to meet financial obligations imposed by the College or for failure to attend either the Annual or Midyear Conventions for three (3) consecutive years or, for failure to satisfy other requirements which the Board of Regents may impose for the maintenance of membership, provided that such other requirements shall have been ratified by a majority of all the Fellows in good standing. (As amended on December 5, 2010)
- Section 3 – Inactive Status
The Board of Regents may grant inactive status to incapacitated Fellows and those retired from active practice of Surgery. They are exempted from the payment of dues, fees and assessments, but may continue to enjoy the rights and privileges of membership.
- Section 4 – Reinstatement
The Board of Regents may reinstate Fellows under the following circumstances: a) when the termination is due only to failure to comply with the financial requirements of the College; and b) when termination is based on an erroneous judgement.
- Section 1 – Elections
The Board of Regents shall establish a Commission on Elections to manage the elections of the College. The Board of Regents shall determine the composition, tenure, and functions of the Comelec as defined in the PCS Election Code to be prepared by the Commission for approval by the Board of Regents, and ratified by the Fellows of the College.
- Section 1 – Standing Committees
The president shall, subject to the approval of the Board of Regents, appoint the members of all standing committees for a staggered term to assure continuity of programs. The Chairman shall be appointed by the President from among the members of the Committee for a term of one year.
Committee members may be re-appointed. Sub-committees may be organized as the need arises.
National Programs shall be established whenever necessary and within the capability of the College. These shall include but shall not be limited to the following: Trauma, Cancer, Outreach Services and Infection Control.
- Committee on Ethics and Judicial Matters
The committee shall initiate, receive, investigate, evaluate and recommend to the Board of Regents for action any or all matters pertaining to the ethical and professional conduct of a fellow and other judicial matters. It shall be composed of the President and Past President of the College.
- Committee on Finance
The committee shall be charged with preparing recommendations for the control of the funds of the College, and in consultation with the President, prepare and recommend the annual budget to the Board of Regents.
- Committee on Internal Audit
The committee shall conduct an annual internal audit of all the funds and properties of the College.
- Committee on By-Laws and Amendments
The committee shall initiate, receive, evaluate and make recommendations on all amendment proposals to the Board of Regents, who shall in turn refer the same to the general membership for final disposition.
- Committee on Conventions
The committee shall organize and prepare a program for the Midyear and Annual Conventions in coordination with the respective standing committees.
- Committee on Nominations
The Board of Regents shall appoint a Nominating Committee composed of the President of the College, the Chairman of the Board of Governors and four (4) Past Presidents. The Chairman shall be elected by the members from among the Past Presidents. The Committee shall evaluate and nominate twenty (20) candidates. (Amended August 11, 1999)
The candidates shall come from nominees of the Chapter, Specialty Societies acceptable to the Nominating Committee.
- Committee on Continuing Surgical Education
The committee shall prepare, arrange, or coordinate all scientific meetings and postgraduate courses of all the College.
- Committee on Accreditation
The committee shall establish a Joint Accreditation Council to coordinate with the respective Accreditation Committees of the different Surgical Specialties and Sub-specialty societies. (As amended on December 1, 2002.)
- Committee on Surgical Research
The committee shall initiate, coordinate and implement all activities of the College related to surgical research in cooperation with other committees.
- Committee on Surgical Training
The educational welfare of surgical residents in PCS accredited training programs shall be the primary concern of the committee. Likewise, it shall propose and supervise remedial courses in Surgery, in cooperation with the respective PCS Chapters, whenever necessary. Where Surgical Residency Scholarships are available the committee shall evaluate and select the scholars.
- Committee on Membership
The committee shall consider and evaluate all applications for membership and make recommendations to the Board of Regents. It shall promote activities for membership development.
- Committee on Socials and Sports
The committee shall initiate and implement all activities of the College related to Social Activities and Sports.
- Committee on Cancer
The committee shall initiate, coordinate and implement all activities of the College related to cancer. It shall establish a National Cancer Program for the teaching, research, and surgery of Cancer. A national cancer education shall be institutionalized by the College alone or in cooperation with other National Cancer agencies.
- Committee on Trauma
The committee shall initiate, coordinate and implement all activities of the College related to trauma. It shall establish a National Trauma Program for the teaching, research, and practice of the surgery of Trauma. It shall encourage the establishment of Trauma Centers nationwide for the management of all types of injuries including burns.
- Committee on Surgical Infections
The committee shall initiate, coordinate and implement all activities of the College related to surgical infections. It shall establish a National Infection Control Program for the prevention, surveillance, and control of surgical infection
- Committee on External Affairs and Public Relations
The committee shall conduct information drives, promote wholesome public relations for the College nationally and internationally, and address health bills and issues involving physicians in general and surgeons in particular.
- Committee on Publications
The committee shall manage all publications of the College, except the Philippine Journal of Surgical Specialties (PJSS) and promulgate rules and regulations pertaining thereto. The Secretary of the College shall serve as ex-officio member of the committee with all the rights of membership.
- Committee on Socio-Economic Concern
- Committee on Fellow Assistance Plan (FAP)
The College shall establish a Fellows Assistance Plans to manage the health and welfare concerns of the fellows. The committee shall supervise and implement the FAP in cooperation with the Board of Regents who shall, from time to time, determine the membership obligations and benefits.
- Committee on SURE and Community Services
The Committee shall establish a program to train non-PCS surgeons in underserved areas to upgrade their skills to handle common surgical problems in their community. The Committee shall also establish a National Program on Outreach Services to extend charity surgical care to the indigent population of the country. (As amended on December 5, 2010.)
- Committee on Hospital Standardization and Accreditation
The Committee shall promote the standardization of hospital surgical services. It shall establish guidelines and recommendations for hospital surgical staff appointments. (As amended on December 5, 2010.)
- Sub-Committee on Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)
The Board of Regents shall establish an office under the President to study and accredit HMO programs in order to safeguard the professional interest of surgeons
- Committee on Patient Safety and Quality Assurance
The Committee shall establish a program of action which shall promote the importance of patient safety in the delivery of surgical services in the Philippines. It shall develop a program to maintain quality assurance in the delivery of surgical services. (As amended on December 5, 2010.)
- Committee on Administrative Concerns
To College shall formulate policies and procedures to maintain a high degree of professionalism and improve efficiency among the Secretarial Staff and employees of the College. (As amended on December 5, 2010.)
- Section 2 – Special Committees
The Board of Regents may create special committees as it may deem necessary to achieve the objectives of the College.
Chapters/Specialty Boards/Surgical Specialties
- Section l – Chapters
The Board of Regents may approve the organization of a PCS Chapter upon application of at least twenty five (25) Fellows. The number of the cities, provinces and regions of the country shall be determined by the Board. Chapters are integral parts of the College. Their functions shall be under the administrative supervision of the Board of Regents.
- Section 2 – Surgical Specialty Societies
Surgical Specialty Societies may be officially recognized by the College upon application provided they meet the requirements of the College. The College may withdraw recognition at any time for cause. Only one (1) society per specialty shall be recognized. The Society members may apply for Fellowship provided the membership requirements of the College are met.
- Section 3 – Specialty Boards
Specialty Boards in Surgery shall be subject to the approval of the corresponding specialty societies recognized by the College. Board diplomates shall be qualified to become fellows provided the membership requirements of the College are met. Specialty Boards in Surgery may be officially recognized by the College, where no corresponding Surgical Specialty Society exists.
- Section 1 – General Supervision
The Board of Regents shall have the general supervision and direction of the financial affairs of the College. Guidelines on revenues and expenditures, investments and properly disposition, contracts and encumbrances, compensations and indemnification of officers and Regents shall be established in the Administrative Manual.
- Section 2 – Annual Budget
The Finance Committee shall prepare the annual budget to be approved by the Board of Regents and ratified by the Fellows at the annual meeting. A supplemental budget may be approved by the Board of Regents and ratified by the Fellow at the midyear meeting
- Section 3 – Financial Audit
The books and accounts of the College shall be audited annually by a firm of Certified Public Accountants appointed by the Board of Regents and shall form part of the financial reports to Fellows.
- Section 4 – Dues, Fees, Assessments
Fellows shall pay dues, fees, and assessments as may from time to time be determined by the Board of Regents. Delinquency shall be a ground for suspension of fellowship and privileges including the right to vote and be voted upon. Continued delinquency for three (3) consecutive years shall be ground for termination of membership.
- Section 5 – Donations, Endowments, Grants
Donations, endowments and grants shall be managed by the Committee on Finance. Unless specifically restricted by the donors, the funds shall be invested and the proceeds used for charitable and/or educational projects of the College.
- Section 1 – Annual Meeting
The Annual Meeting of fellows shall be every first Sunday of December at any time and place to be determined by the Board of Regents within the Philippines, provided proper notice is sent to all members indicating the time, date & place of meeting. The meeting shall include the Clinical Congress, the Annual Election, and the Annual Business Meeting. The legal requirements shall be strictly complied with. The presence of at least one hundred (100) fellows in good standing shall constitute a quorum in the business meeting. (As amended on December 1, 2002.)
- Section 2 – Midyear Meeting
The Midyear Meeting of the Fellows shall be held in the month of May at a date, time and place be determined by the Board of Regents. This shall be a Scientific Meeting to promote the Continuing Surgical Education Program of the College. A midyear business meeting may be called by the Board of Regents as it deems necessary. The presence of a least one hundred (100) fellows in good standing shall constitute a quorum. (As amended on December 1, 2002.)
- Section 3 – Special Meeting
The Board of Regents on its own or at the instance of at east fifty (50) Fellows may call for a special general membership meeting on matters of importance at any date, time, and place, provided the legal requirements for such a meeting are complied with.
- Section 4- Board of Regents Meeting
The Board of Regents shall meet at least once a month to perform its corporate functions. A majority of the Regents shall constitute a quorum. A majority of the Regents shall be required to approve a Board Resolution.
- Section 5 – Board of Governors Meeting
The Board of Governors shall meet at least three times a year to study and propose policy matters to the Board of Regents in an advisory capacity. The agenda for the meeting may be proposed by the Board of Regents and/or the President of the College. The Board of Governors shall establish its own internal rules and regulations in the conduct of its duties. The Chairman may attend the meeting of the Board of Regents as an ex-officio member without voting privileges.
Elections, Referenda and Plebiscites
- Section 1 – Annual Election
The Annual Election of the Regents of the College shall be held during the annual membership meeting. The Commission on Elections shall conduct the election and proclaim the winners.
- Section 2 – Election of Officers
The Officers of the College shall be elected by the Board of Regents from among themselves immediately after the annual election. The Commission on Election shall conduct the election and proclaim the winners. Majority votes of the Regents shall be required to elect the officers.
- Section 3 – Election of the Board of Governors
The election of the Board of Governors shall be held by the Chapters and Surgical Specialty Societies before the annual election of the College. The elected Board of Governors shall be inducted during the annual meeting.
- Section 4 – Referenda/Plebiscites
The Board of Regents may call for a referendum or plebiscite on matters of general interest. It shall be conducted by the Commission on Elections.
- Section 1 – Administrative Manual
The Board of Regents shall prepare an Administrative Manual to contain the interpretations and implementing guidelines of the Articles of Incorporation and By-Laws. The Manual shall be adopted by the College.
Fellows Veto Action – Fellows who deem a board resolution to be detrimental to the College may, upon written request of at least 50 Fellows, initiate a “Fellows Veto Action” and file a formal communication with the President of the College to call for a special meeting of the general membership of the college to settle the issue. (As amended on December 5, 2010.)
The presence of at least 100 Fellows in good standing shall constitute a quorum. (As amended on December 5, 2010.)
A decision on the issue shall require a majority vote of the Fellows present in the special meeting. (As amended on December 5, 2010.)
- Section 2 – Code of Ethics
The College shall promulgate and adopt the Code of Ethics for Surgeons to supplement the Code of Ethics of the Philippine Medical Association (PMA). Violation of the provisions of the Code shall constitute unethical and unprofessional conduct.
- Section 3 – Surgical Education Code
The Board of Regents shall prepare a Surgical Education Code to be adopted by the College.
- Section 1 – Articles of Incorporation
The Articles of incorporation may be amended by two-thirds (2/3) vote of the Fellows in good standing voting in person or by proxy, majority of the board, provided the proposed amendment or amendments shall have been circularized at least two months prior to the duly called meeting.
- Section 2 – By-Laws
The By-Laws may be amended by a majority vote of the Fellows in good standing voting in person or by proxy, and majority of the board, provided the proposed amendment or amendments shall have been circularized at least two (2) months prior to the duly called meeting.
- Section 3 – Administrative Manual
The Manual may be amended by at least two-thirds (2/3) vote of the Board of Regents in a special meeting called for the purpose, provided due notice shall have been given at least two weeks prior to the meeting. Proxy votes or ballots by mail shall not be allowed.
IN WITNESS WHEREOF, we the undersigned members present at the meeting of the membership of the Philippine College of Surgeons and voting hereof in favor of the adoption of these Amended By-Laws have hereunto subscribed our names, and we, the Chairman of the meeting and the Secretary of the same, do likewise with our signatures at the principal office of the College, Philippines in this 2nd day of December, 1984.
- (SGD.) RAMON V. ARCENAS, M.D.
- (SGD.) ADRIANO V. LAUDICO, M.D.
- (SGD.) VICENTE Q. ARGUILLES, M.D.
- (SGD.) ANGELO N. MANALO, M.D.
- (SGD.) GLICERIO M. BUSTAMANTE, M.D.
- (SGD.) JOSE S. RAMIREZ, M.D.
- (SGD.) FAUSTINO DOMINGO, M.D.
- (SGD.) LEONARDO A. ONA, M.D.
- (SGD.) GEORGE G. EUFEMIO, M.D.
- (SGD.) RENATO Q. SIBAYAN, M.D.
- (SGD.) FRANCISCO T. DE GUZMAN, M.D.
- (SGD.) PATRICIO Y. TAN, M.D.
- (SGD.) JESUS D. DE JESUS, M.D.
- (SGD.) ANTONIO A. LIMSON, M.D.
- (SGD.) ROMAN S. IBAY, JR., M.D.
- (SGD.) GEORGE G. EUFEMIO, M.D.
Chairman of the Meeting
- (SGD.) ANTONIO A. LIMSON, M.D.
Secretary of the Meeting