Author(s): Alexandra Monica L. Tan, MD, Jose Joven V. Cruz, MD, MPH, FPAPRAS, FPCS, and Ma. Adela A. Nable-Aguilera, MD, FPAPRAS, FPCS
This study aimed to describe the demographic profile of patients admitted at the UP-PGH ATR Burn Center from August 2013 – July 2015, and correlate it with outcomes of burn injury.
A retrospective study of patients admitted at the UPPGH ATR Burn Center from August 2013 to July 2015 was conducted, using the data in the Integrated Surgical Information System. Descriptive statistics was used to summarize the clinical characteristics of patients. Logistic regression analysis determined the significant predictors of mortality. STATA 12.0 was used for data analysis.
The age groups most commonly involved were: < 1 year (24%), 2 to 14 years (25%) and 25 to 44 years (25%), majority (71%) of whom were males. The most common etiology was scald burns (43%), and most patients were burned in their homes (71%). Majority (89%) were admitted within 24 hours from injury. Half underwent operative management (>operation). Ninety-one percent (91%) of the admitted burn patients improved; 9% of the patients died. The most common cause of death was multiple organ dysfunction syndrome (40%). Significant factors associated with mortality included: 1) percent total body surface area, 2) inhalational injury and 3) involvement of the head, lower extremities and perineum.
Burns continue to be a big burden to developing countries. To confront the burden of burns especially in developing countries like the Philippines, key primary preventive measures should be implemented and be a priority for public health advocates.
Key words: Burns, demography