Author(s): Feje Alogon MD and Lister Leonida MD, FPSGS, FPCS
Objective: The study was performed to assess and compare the effect of early (≤ 72 hours) and late (>72 hours) laparoscopic cholecystectomy after Endoscopic retrograde cholangio pancreatography (ERCP) in terms of duration of operation, conversion to open cholecystectomy, intraoperative complicating factors, duration of hospital stay from the date of ERCP, hospital expenses, and presence of postoperative complications.
Methods: This is a retrospective study from 2010 up to July 2019. Outcomes (duration of operation, rate of conversion, intraoperative complicating factors, length of hospital stay, hospital expenses and post-operative complications) were compared between patients who had ERCP then cholecystectomy within 72 hours (Early Group) and those who had ERCP then cholecystectomy after more than 72 hours (Late Group).
Results: A total of 19 patients were included in this study. There were 10 patients in the Early Group and 9 in the Late Group. Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy after ERCP had a shorter statistically significant duration of hospital. Shorter operative time, fewer intraoperative complicating factors, no conversion to open cholecystectomy, cheaper hospital expenses and no post-operative complications were also noted in the Early Group as compared to the Late Group.
Conclusion: Early laparoscopic cholecystectomy is safe and results in a shorter hospital stay compared to late laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
Key words: early laparoscopic cholecystectomy, cholecystectomy after ERCP, choledocholithiasis, cholecystolithiasis